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Who is a composer of American art song?

Americans come from every part of the world, so what makes a composer "American?" For purposes of this Web site, the composer must have either been born in American or be a naturalized citizen, and most of the composer's output must have been produced while he/she lived in America. In addition, she/he must generally be regarded as American in musicological contexts. For example, although Schoenberg became a citizen in 1947, he is not considered an American composer.

An even trickier question -- what is an art song? The line between classical song and Broadway tune grows blurrier every day, so I have tended toward inclusion. If a young composer indicates on his Web site that he writes classical music, then I take his/her word for it. My definition also specifies that the accompaniment to the singer be no more than three instruments; the great majority of arts songs are for voice and piano alone.

In the listing below, if the composer has a personal Web site or a page on a larger Web site that provides information about his/her vocal output, I have included the link to that site. If no such site exists and I consider the composer to be very significant in the field, I have included a link to another page on this site.

The last column indicates whether more information can be found in Victoria Villiamil's A Singer's Guide to The American Art Song, 1870 - 1980.

Composers:  Please feel free to send me information about your works and career at  info "at sign" americanartsong.org. I will be happy to add your name and a link to your web page.

Name Year of Birth Year of Death Referenced in Villamil
Aborn, Lora 1907 2005 No
Adamo, Mark 1962   No
Adams, Leslie 1933   Yes
Adler, Samuel 1928   Yes
Adolphe, Bruce 1955   No
Aikman, James 1959   No
Ames, William T. 1901   Yes
Anderson, T.J. 1928   No
Antheil, George 1900 1959 Yes
Argento, Dominick 1927   Yes
Austin, Elizabeth 1938   No
Ayres, Frederic 1876 1926 Yes
Babbitt, Milton 1916   Yes
Bachlund, Gary No
Bacon, Ernst 1898 1990 Yes
Baksa, Robert 1938   Yes
Barab, Seymour 1921   Yes
Barber, Samuel 1910 1981 Yes
Barnett, Alice 1886 1975 Yes
Barnett, Carol     No
Bartlett, Homer 1845 1920 Yes
Bassett, Leslie 1923   Yes
Bauer, Marion 1887 1955 Yes
Beach, Amy Marcy 1867 1944 Yes
Beaser, Robert 1954   Yes
Beeson, Jack 1921  2010 Yes
Belden, George     No
Berg, Christopher 1948   No
Berger, Jean 1909   Yes
Bergsma, William 1921 1994 Yes
Bernstein, Leonard 1918 1990 Yes
Bertolozzi, Joseph 1959
No
Bestor, Charles     No
Bielawa, Herbert     No
Binkerd, Gordon 1916 2003 Yes
Birch, Robert Fairfax 1917   Yes
Biscardi, Chester 1948   No
Blitzstein, Marc 1905 1964 Yes
Boatwright, Howard 1918 1999 Yes
Bohun, Lyle de     No
Bolcom, William 1938   No
Bond, Carrie Jacobs 1862 1946 Yes
Bonds, Margaret 1913 1972 Yes
Bone, Gene 1915 1992 Yes
Bowles, Paul 1910 1999 Yes
Boyadjian, Hayg     No
Branscombe, Gena 1881 1977 Yes
Brown, Charles 1940   No
Brown, Elizabeth     No
Buck, Dudley 1839 1909 Yes
Burleigh, Henry (Harry T.) 1866 1949 Yes
Byron, Carl     No
Cacioppo, Curt 1951   No
Cadman, Charles Wakefield 1881 1946 Yes
Cage, John 1912 1992 Yes
Calabro, Louis 1926   Yes
Campbell-Tipton, Louis 1877 1921 Yes
Capers, Valerie     No
Carpenter, John Alden 1876 1951 Yes
Carter, Elliott 1908   Yes
Caruso, Rich     No
Chadwick, George Whitefield 1854 1931 Yes
Chanler, Theodore 1902 1961 Yes
Charles, Ernst 1895 1984 Yes
Chasalow, Eric 1955   No
Chen, Ling Chao     No
Ching, Michael 1958   No
Cipullo, Tom 1960   No
Citkowitz, Israel 1909 1974 Yes
Clark, Rebecca     No
Clough-Leighter, Henry 1874 1956 Yes
Cloud, Judith No
Cohen, Cecil 1894 1967 No
Conte, David 1955 No
Cook, Will Marion 1869 1944 No
Copland, Aaron 1900 1990 Yes
Corigliano, John 1938   Yes
Cortes, Ramiro 1933 1984 Yes
Cowell, Henry 1897 1965 Yes
Creston, Paul 1906 1985 Yes
Crist, Bainbridge 1883 1969 Yes
Cumming, Richard 1928   Yes
Curran, Pearl 1875 1941 Yes
Damrosch, Walter 1860 1950 Yes
Dashow, James     No
Davison, Harriette     No
deBlasio, Chris 1959 1993 No
DeKoven, Reginald 1859 1920 Yes
Del Tredici, David 1937   Yes
Dello Joio, Norman 1913   Yes
Diamond, David 1915   Yes
Diemer, Emma Lou     No
Dobson, Tom 1890 1918 Yes
Dougherty, Celius 1902 1986 Yes
Duke, John 1899 1984 Yes
Duke, Vernon 1903 1969 Yes
Earnest, John David 1940   No
Eastman, Donna Kelly     No
Edmunds, John 1913 1986 Yes
Edwards, Clara 1887 1974 Yes
Elwell, Herbert 1898 1974 Yes
Engel, Carl 1883 1944 Yes
Epstein, Paul A.  1938   No
Fairchild, Blair 1877 1933 Yes
Farwell, Arthur 1872 1952 Yes
Fennimore, Joseph 1940   Yes
Field, Corey     No
Fine, Irving 1914 1962 Yes
Finney, Ross Lee 1906 1997 Yes
Fisher, William Arms 1861 1948 No
Fitzwilliam, James     No
Flagello, Nicolas 1928   Yes
Flanagan, William 1923 1969 Yes
Foote, Arthur 1853 1937 Yes
Foster, Stephen 1826 1864 No
Frank, Gabriela Lena 1972   No
Frantzen, John 1964   No
Frazelle, Kenneth 1955   No
Gates, Keith 1948 2007 No
Giannini, Vittorio 1903 1966 Yes
Gideon, Miriam 1906 1996 Yes
Gilbert, Henry F. 1868 1928 Yes
Gilberte, Hallett 1872 1946 Yes
Glanville-Hicks, Peggy 1912 1990 Yes
Gold, Ernest 1921   Yes
Gordon, Ricky Ian 1956   No
Graham, Robert     No
Griffes, Charles Tomlinson 1884 1920 Yes
Grill, Stan No
Gruenberg, Louis 1884 1964 Yes
Hadley, Henry K. 1871 1937 Yes
Hageman, Richard 1882 1966 Yes
Hagen, Daron 1961   No
Hailstork, Adolphus                1941                  No
Hall, Juliana                  No
Harbison, John 1938   No
Heggie, Jake 1961   No
Hennessy, Martin 1953   No
Herman, Tom 1947 No
Hersch, Fred     No
Hess, Benton 1947   No
Hickey, Sean 1970   No
Hodkinson, Sydney     No
Hoiby, Lee 1926   Yes
Homer, Sidney 1864 1953 Yes
Hoover, Katherine     No
Horsman, Edward 1873 1918 Yes
Houtz, Steven     No
Hovhaness, Alan 1911   Yes
Howe, Mary 1882 1964 Yes
Hundley, Richard 1931   Yes
Hurley, Susan     No
Hutchison, Warner     No
Hyson, Winifred     No
Ide, Chester E. 1878 1944 No
Ives, Charles 1874 1954 Yes
Ivey, Jean Eichelberger 1923   No
Jacobi, Frederick 1891 1952 Yes
Johns, Clayton 1857 1932 No
Kagen, Sergius 1909 1964 Yes
Keele, Richard 1954   No
Koch, John 1928   Yes
Kidwell, David 1968 No
Kohn, Steven 1957   No
Kramer, Arthur Walter 1890 1969 Yes
Kulp, Jonathan 1970   No
Laderman, Ezra 1924   Yes
LaForge, Frank 1879 1953 Yes
Laitman, Lori 1955   No
LaMontaine, John 1920   Yes
Lang, Margaret Ruthven 1867 1972 Yes
Lann, Vanessa 1968   No
Larsen, Libby 1950   No
Lasser, Phillip 1963   No
Lauer, Elizabeth     No
Lauridsen, Morten 1943   No
Lees, Benjamin 1924   Yes
Lehrman, Leonard 1949   No
Lekberg, Sven 1899 1984 Yes
Lieberson, Peter 1946   No
Locklair, Dan 1949   No
Lockwood, Normand 1906   Yes
Lockwood, Annea 1939   No
Loeffler, Charles Martin 1861 1935 Yes
Luening, Otto 1900 1996 Yes
MacCombie, Bruce 1943   No
Macbride, David                 1951                  No
MacDowell, Edward 1860 1908 Yes
Malotte, Albert Hay 1895 1964 No
Mana-Zucca,  1887 1981 Yes
Mandelbaum, Joel 1932   No
Manning, Kathleen Lockhart 1890 1951 Yes
Martino, Donald 1931   Yes
Mathews, Norman     No
McArthur, Edwin     No
McKay, George Frederick 1899 1970 No
McMichael, Catherine     No
Mechem, Kirke 1925   No
Mehldau, Brad     No
Mollicone, Henry     No
Monk, Meredith 1942   No
Moore, Douglas 1893 1969 Yes
Moore, Ben 1960   No
Moore, Undine S. 1904 1989 No
Moore, Mary Carr 1873 1957 Yes
Moss, Lawrence 1927   No
Munn, Zae     No
Musto, John 1954   No
Naginski, Charles 1909 1940 Yes
Nasto, Paul     No
Neidlinger, William Harold 1863 1924 Yes
Nelson, Robert 1941   No
Nevin, Ethelbert 1862 1901 Yes
Niles, John Jacob 1892 1980 Yes
Nordoff, Paul 1909 1977 Yes
Northland, Aurora     No
Owens, Robert 1922   Yes
Oyens, Tera de Marez 1932 1996 No
Paine, John Knowles 1839 1906 No
Parker, Horatio 1863 1919 Yes
Pasatieri, Thomas 1945   Yes
Paterson, Robert 1970                  No
Paulus, Stephen 1949   No
Penn, William 1943   No
Eric Pazdziora No
Perera, Ronald 1941   Yes
Perkinson, Coleridge-Taylor 1932 2004 No
Perle, George 1915   Yes
Persichetti, Vincent 1915 1987 Yes
Pierce, Alexandra 1934   No
Pinkham, Daniel 1923 2006 Yes
Price, Florence 1887 1953 Yes
Primosch, James 1956   No
Ran, Shulamit 1949   No
Raphling, Sam 1910 1988 Yes
Raschbach, Oscar 1888 1975 No
Read, Gardner 1913 2005 Yes
Reif, Paul 1910   Yes
Rich, Gladys     No
Riegger, Wallingford 1885 1961 Yes
Rieti, Vittorio 1898 1994 Yes
Rochberg, George 1918 2005 Yes
Rogers, Clara Kathleen 1844 1931 Yes
Rogers, James H. 1857 1940 Yes
Rorem, Ned 1923   Yes
Roy, William 1928 2003 No
Rubenstein, David     No
Saalbach, Valerie 1951   No
Sacco, John 1905 1987 Yes
Salter, Mary Turner 1856 1938 Yes
Santos, Erik     No
Sargent, Paul 1910 1987 Yes
Sargon, Simon 1938   No
Scearce, J. Mark 1960   No
Scheer, Gene 1958   No
Schickele, Peter 1935   No
Schmitz, Alan 1950   No
Schnauber, Tom 1969   No
Schneider, Maria                   No
Schonthal, Ruth 1924 2006 No
Schuman, William 1910 1992 Yes
Seeger, Ruth Crawford 1901 1953 Yes
Sessions, Roger 1896 1985 Yes
Shaffer, Jeanne 1925   No
Shatin, Judith
  No
Shen, Hsueh-Yung 1952   No
Shepherd, Arthur 1880 1958 Yes
Shields, Alice     No
Shore, Clare     No
Shulman, Alan 1915 2002 No
Siegmeister, Elie 1909 1991 Yes
Silsbee, Ann 1930 2003 No
Sisco, David W. 1975   No
Siskind, Paul 1962   No
Skelton, Logan     No
Skipworth, George     No
Smith, Hale 1925   Yes
Smith, Julia 1911 1989 Yes
Sousa, John Philip 1854 1932 No
Speaks, Oley 1874 1948 Yes
Spross, Charles Gilbert 1874 1961 Yes
St. Pierre, Donald     No
Starer, Robert 1924 2001 No
Steinert, Alexander 1900 1982 Yes
Still, William Grant 1895 1978 Yes
Strickland, Lily 1887 1958 Yes
Strilko, Anthony 1931   Yes
Stroope, J. Randall 1953   No
Suchy, Gregoria Karides     No
Susa, Conrad 1935   Yes
Swanson, Howard 1907 1978 Yes
Swenson, Warren Michel     No
Talma, Louise 1906 1996 Yes
Thomas, Andrew 1939   No
Thomas, R. Pearson 1957   No
Thome, Diane     No
Thompson, Randall 1899 1984 Yes
Thompson, Dick                  No
Thomson, Virgil 1896 1989 Yes
Tobenski, Dennis 1982   No
Toscano, Thomas 1952   No
Trinkley, Bruce 1945   No
Tyson, Mildred Lund     No
Upright, Scott     No
van de Vate, Nancy     No
Vardell, Charles 1893 1962 No
Vercoe, Elizabeth     No
Vollinger, William     No
Walden, Stanley 1932   No
Walker, Gwyneth 1947   No
Walker, George 1922   Yes
Wallach, Joelle 1946   No
Ward, Robert 1917   Yes
Ware, Harriett 1877 1962 Yes
Warren, Elinor Remick 1900 1991 Yes
Watts, Wintter 1884 1962 Yes
Weber, Ben 1916 1979 Yes
Weesner, Anna 1965   No
Weigl, Karl 1881 1949 Yes
Weill, Kurt 1900 1950 No
Weisgall, Hugo 1912   Yes
Weiss, Joel                 1970                   No
Welwood, Arthur     No
Wheelock, Donald     No
Whithorne, Emerson 1884 1958 Yes
Wilcox, Stephen     No
Wilson, Richard 1941   No
Wolfe, Jacques     No
Wolfson, David 1964                 No
Wood, Jeffrey 1954   No
Work, John W. 1901 1968 No
Wyner, Yehudi 1929   Yes
Yeston, Maury 1945   No
Zaimont, Judith Lang 1945   No
Zaninelli, Luigi 1932   No

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